From heart diseases to mental disorders and a hundred other illnesses in between, issues related to health, fitness, and well-being have taken quite a toll on people in general.

In almost every part of the world, people are suffering from one disease or another. While in some parts, obesity is on the rise, other parts are facing ever-increasing levels of diabetes among people. And before you know it, these problems exacerbate so quickly that little can be done to restore them to their previous levels.

Physical health issues like asthma, hypertension, and cancer have always been on the rise, but lately, mental health problems are also following suit. While the more common mental health issues range from depression and bipolar disorder, the rate at which people are developing dementia and Alzheimer’s is also increasing. Dementia is described as a set of symptoms that result from the onset of different mental conditions, one of them being Alzheimer’s. Speaking of America in particular, in 2017, nearly 5.3 million Americans, from several age groups, are suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.

However, the top 3 health issues America faces in today’s time are completely different.

1. Obesity

One of the world’s biggest and most common public health problems, obesity affects millions of people across the globe. However, in America, the battle against obesity just doesn’t seem to end.

According to a study published in 2012, more than half of all Americans will be obese by 2030. Currently, roughly one in three Americans is seriously overweight.

America is home to a wide array of fast food chains that cater to a million people – one of the many reasons why obesity levels keep soaring in the country. Officials are now looking at obesity as a multifaceted affliction, where poor decision making is not the only reason that contributes to it.

According to statistics from 2016, Louisiana had the highest adult obesity rate, and childhood obesity rates have remained stagnant at 17% over the past decade.

2. Diabetes

With obesity on the rise, one cannot escape the issues and problems that result from it. One of the most common resulting illnesses of obesity is diabetes, a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin in the body.  

Diabetes is listed as the seventh leading cause of death in America, and about 1.4 million Americans suffer from diabetes each year.

The rates of this disease have been skyrocketing: diabetes kills about 69,000 Americans every year. The increasingrate of diabetes in the US has been described as alarming. If the trend continues, by 2050 one in every three Americans will have full-blown diabetes.

3. Cardiovascular Diseases

Research has shown that about 2,200 Americans die of cardiovascular disease every day, and it has been listed as a major cause of death in the U.S. In fact, 1 of every 3 deaths is due to a cardiovascular disorder. These include conditions like heart disease, strokes, cardiac arrest, and heart failure.

There are many causal factors that lead to these various diseases, but research has shown that the use of tobacco has increased significantly in America. Also, approximately 18% of adults in the US have high cholesterol levels. These factors, along with several others, collectively lead to the increase in the prevailing rates of cardiovascular diseases in America.  

But, what is the government doing about it?

These ever-increasing health issues in America may suggest that governmental authorities and officials are not doing anything about the problem. However, one needs to understand that it will take some time to decrease these extremely high rates of various health conditions.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), has been working to reduce the levels of childhood obesity through food labeling and education campaigns. FDA also approved the use of two medications that will help to manage long term weight-related problems in adults living in the US.

Private Action

In the meantime, private groups have stepped in to help.

For example, the American Heart Association has been funding several projects and medical breakthroughs in an attempt to reduce the risk of heart diseases and strokes experienced by many people in America. Since 1949, it has funded more than $4 billion in research, and is the top funding research organization for cardiovascular diseases alongside the federal government.

The American Diabetes Association is highly determined, and is committed to combatting the rising levels of diabetes in Americans. It is working with Congress and government officials to ensure that all the necessary resources and funding is available in order to stop diabetes from rising. On the federal level, consistent work has been going on to prevent and eventually cure the complications that result from the onset of diabetes.  

Some individuals have also taken action. To combat the increasing levels of obesity, legal activist and law professor John Banzhaf tried to successfully curtail the use of tobacco by taking on tobacco companies through several lawsuits. He also launched highly successful legal actions against fast food companies, like McDonald’s, in an attempt to solve the battle of obesity that is rampant in the US.

With health problems and diseases gaining an unfortunate foothold across the world, officials and authorities are staying on their toes to fight off the growing rates of numerous diseases that compromise the health and lives of people.

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Audrey Throne is a mother and a professional blogger by choice. She received her masters in English literature from the University of Birmingham. As a blogger, she has written quite a few posts on health, technology, and management.

Find her on Twitter: @audrey_throne.